An expert on hunting weapons of the Kalashnikov Concern answers questions about new products based on the MP 155
Not so long ago, together with representatives of the Kalashnikov Concern and the Izhevsk mechanical plant, we invited you to discuss new items based on the famous Mr 155 rifle.…

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Moose hunting with huskies
Elk-the king of the Siberian forest. And to get elk horns as a trophy is the dream of many hunters. There are several ways to hunt this animal – from…

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Sound masking on the hunt
In hunting, in addition to visual (visual) camouflage, the nature of the cover under your feet (moss, grass, snow, etc.) is no less important, which either muffles the steps of…

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“Encyclopedia of animals”. Elk.

Elk is the largest member of the Deer family. It is also the tallest hoofed animal after the giraffe. But if the giraffe reaches this height due to the long neck, then the elk is a true giant. Moose have been hunted for centuries, but the attitude to this animal was not purely consumer, but respectful. Among American Indians, it was considered an honor to bear the name of an Elk.

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Among other deer, elk stands out for its appearance. First of all, its huge size is striking — the body length can reach 3 m, the height of the elk exceeds 2 m, the weight is 500-600 kg. the body of the elk is relatively short, but the legs are very long. The moose’s muzzle is also not like its fellows. The head of the elk is large and heavy, the muzzle is long, and the large upper lip slightly overhangs the lower one. The horns of an elk have a characteristic shape: the base of the horn (trunk) is short, from it forward, to the sides and back the processes diverge half-veer, the trunk is connected to the processes by a flattened part — a “shovel”. For this form, the elk received the nickname “elk”.

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However, the shape of the horns varies in elk from different regions. Their size also depends on the age of the elk: the older the animal, the wider the size of the “shovel” and the more appendages on it. In elk, only males wear horns. The color of moose is the same type-dark brown with a lighter belly and legs.

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The hooves of the elk, compared to other deer, are very wide. This form of hooves is necessary for animals to move through the viscous soil of swamps, which is not easy for such a giant. Long legs allow the elk to move easily in dense thickets of the forest, along marshy river banks and deep snow.

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The range of its distribution is huge. It is found in Europe, Asia, and North America from the tundra border in the North to the forest-steppe regions in the South. In prehistoric times, moose formed the basis of the diet of primitive people, along with deer, tours (primitive bulls) and mammoths. Now in many parts of its range, moose are destroyed. For example, in Western Europe, they can only be found in Scandinavian countries.

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Moose are strictly forest animals. On the one hand, they tend to dense and impenetrable forests, on the other-they are often forced to feed on the edges and in thickets along the banks of rivers. In North America, the moose is often visited and inhabited areas.

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Moose lead a solitary lifestyle and even during the rut do not form large clusters. Moose feed mainly on branches of trees and shrubs. In some forest nurseries, moose are pests because they can completely eat a couple of hectares of young pines over the winter.

In summer, moose willingly eat grass, mushrooms, and even algae. Moose are generally not indifferent to aquatic vegetation, they are happy to visit reservoirs where they not only hide from the summer midges, but also graze. For a portion of seaweed, an elk can even dive, although it is usually enough for a long-legged moose to simply bend its neck.

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The mating period for moose begins in August and September. The males begin to roar hollowly. Females come to their call. Moose rarely form large clusters during the rut, and they also do not arrange exhausting fights between males.

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Females give birth to one (rarely two) moose calves in April-may. Like all deer, moose calves prefer to lie under a Bush for the first week of their life (although they can walk), only then do they begin to accompany their mother.

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Interestingly, long-legged moose calves at first can’t reach the grass and graze on their knees.

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However, babies grow quickly and soon begin to eat on a par with their mother. Moose live 20-25 years, but usually die earlier in nature. Moose have many natural enemies. The large size of the moose does not deter predators, but rather even attract them. After killing one such giant, you can provide yourself with food for many days ahead. The main enemies of moose are wolves and bears. If a large bear can fight an elk on an equal footing, then the wolves oppose the elk’s agility and multiplicity. A wolf alone will not dare to fight an elk, but a pack of wolves is a serious danger. Often wolves adhere to the tactics of driving (exhausting) the elk, driving it out into the open and surrounding it.

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It is difficult for a sokhat to keep a circular defense, especially if the fight takes place on the ice of the reservoir. Here the elk’s feet serve a sad service. Long-legged moose on the ice are completely helpless and can simply break their limbs (even without the participation of wolves). The picture looks completely different when the elk is in the thicket. Here it often takes a blind defense: covering the rear with some tree or thicket of bushes, the elk is protected from attackers by blows of its front legs. With this signature blow, the elk is able to split the skull of a wolf and can easily protect itself from a bear. Therefore, predators avoid meeting elk “face to face”. Moose calves can be attacked by Cougars and lynx. For moose, winter feeding is a great danger, some animals die in the winter from exhaustion.

For humans, elk is also a welcome prey. Moose meat tastes like beef, but as always, the main reason for hunting it is human vanity. Elk horns extracted from a live animal are considered an honorary trophy. And often not even the horns, but a simple photo with the trophy obtained, becomes the goal of this hunt. Few people know that the formidable and powerful elk is easily tamed. In zoos, by the way, moose are rare. Moose are difficult to keep because they consume a lot of branch feed, which is not easy to provide for animals. Also, moose are sensitive to overheating, so they are not kept in zoos in hot countries. But in the Pechora-Ilych reserve in the 50s and 60s, experiments were conducted on the domestication of elk. Unlike most of the delusional experiments of the Soviet era, these attempts were very successful. Within a short time, it was possible to create a moose farm, all the Pets of which were absolutely manual and manageable. It turned out that to tame an elk, it is enough to simply feed it with milk.

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In the course of the experiment revealed one more unusual quality of the moose — they have a phenomenal memory. An elk that has been raised by a human remembers its caregiver all its life! There were cases when elks raised by people went to the forest, but when they met many years later, adult wild animals recognized the person and responded to the nickname! The question is, why does a person need a domesticated elk? It turned out that there are many discoveries in this issue. Elk can not only be a source of meat, it can also be milked. Moose milk is fatter than cow’s milk, and males can be used as sled animals. Sounds funny? But don’t jump to conclusions. After all, domesticated moose were not intended for the middle zone, but for the remote taiga areas, where traditional animal husbandry does not belong. Using moose for deep off-road travel proved to be more profitable than using horses. But the experiments did not get a decent continuation. As usual, the country’s leadership decided that driving all-terrain vehicles and laying Railways in the permafrost is more correct than messing with living creatures. But in the United States, moose farms still exist today.

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