A disease of animals and humans. What you need to know about rabies
Rabies is a disease of animals and people caused by a virus and is a deadly danger. People most often become infected by it after the bite of diseased animals.
In natural foci, foxes, raccoon dogs, wolves, and bats get sick first of all. Dogs, cats and farm animals are infected from them, forming urban and rural foci. Infection of domestic animals usually occurs when they are in direct contact with sick representatives of wild fauna and neglected dogs and cats. People and Pets are infected through a bite or when saliva from a sick animal gets on the damaged surface of the skin.
Dogs suffer from violent and silent (paralytic) forms of rabies. In a violent form, the disease lasts 6 to 11 days, usually occurs in three stages. In the first stage, the animal avoids people, hides in a dark place, does not respond to the call or, on the contrary, caresses the owner and familiar people, tries to lick.
This period is especially dangerous for infection, since the signs of the disease are not obvious, and the dog’s saliva already contains the virus. In the second stage, the animal is excited, violently grabs objects, swallowing earth, rags, sticks, and tries to break free from the leash. The dog pounces without fear on everything, can bite the owner (bites silently). If a dog with rabies runs away, it can run a long distance, attacking animals and people.
Then there are signs of laryngeal paralysis – a hoarse barking, similar to a howl: the dog tries, but can not swallow water. Saliva is released from the oral cavity. In this case, bouts of violence are replaced by periods of rest. In the last stage, the dog often lies and dies in a coma.
The quiet form lasts 2-4 days. In the complete absence of aggression, dogs quickly develop paralysis of the muscles of the lower jaw, pharynx, and hind limbs. Salivation and difficulty swallowing are noted. The main signs of silent rabies are: changes in behavior-forced movements, lack of appetite, eating inedible items, wobbly gait.
In cats, rabies often occurs in a violent form up to 6 days. This is preceded by changes in behavior-anxiety, lack of appetite, salivation, perversion of appetite, difficulty swallowing.
It is necessary to subject Pets to preventive immunization against rabies (vaccinations) every year.
All hunted carnivores (wolf, Fox) must be examined in a veterinary laboratory for the presence of rabies virus.
Dogs, cats and other animals that have bitten people or animals are subject to immediate delivery by the owner to the nearest veterinary medical institution for inspection and maintenance under the supervision of specialists within 10 days.
People who have been bitten or scratched by a dog, cat, or other pet with unusual behavior and suspected rabies should immediately contact the nearest medical facility for vaccination.
Remember that in this case, “Procrastination is like death”!